Cheat Sheet for Episode 18 (in order of appearance):
Note about the Restaurant radiodrama opener: we took a little gastronomic-poetic license in here, because neither the 4-cheese ravioli includes the listed ingredients, nor Tuco (the quintessential tomato sauce for pasta) includes ham.
Máquina Cheese: Sandwhich sliced-cheese.
Good Provech: an attempt to say “buon appetite” in English.
Chanchit: from Chanchito, “little pig”.
Carne: in Argentina this word means first “beef” and then “meat”…
Fiambre: Cold Cuts.
Tangalanga: Doctor Tangalanga. THE telephone prankster of Argentina. He started in the 80’s doing it just for his friends, but his tapes were copied and copied and copied until he became a word-of-mouth celebrity, and later, a mainstream one. He started doing phone calls at theaters, live, with an audience. He’s almost retired as he’s 95.
If you speak Spanish, here’s a famous call in which he rings a plumber to complaint about a piss-poor job he did (truth is: there was no job, Tangalanga just makes that up)
Elizabeth Vernaci: one of the most popular radio hosts in Argentina. Her afternoon show, Tarde Negra, with generous doses of swear words and sex is a classic. Many taxi drivers love her, and they have to turn down the volume because of uptight passengers who complaint.
Cristina: CFK, or Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, incumbent President of Argentina since 2007. Here’s an article with pictures of her, in the early 70s, when she was a Law student at the University of La Plata (where he met her late husband, and former President Néstor Kirchner)
2001 Meltdown, Cacerolazo and Corralito: a huge political-economic crisis, amid a context of economic recession, growing unemployment and poverty. With the aim of preventing a bank run, the Economy Minister, US-trained Domingo Cavallo, introduced withdrawal restrictions, to prevent people converting their savings to dollars (“El Corralito”), a measure massively rejected by clients. Lootings to supermarkets began to take place in various urban centers, carried out by poor people. Some say they were engineered by political rivals of then-President de la Rúa. The latter ordered a State-of-Siege, that fueled protests even further.
In Buenos Aires, people spontaneously gathered to protest against the overall situation, banging pots (cacerolazo). Police attempted to clear the square using live fire, and killing 4 people (the nationwide toll was more than 30).
Without any kind of support de la Rúa resigned on Dec 20, 2001. The following days were remembered as the “week with the five Presidents”, because of the power vacuum.
YPF: The National Oil Company. Fired workers of it were among the first to stage roadblocks as protest method back in the 1990s, in Cutral Có, Neuquén province.
List of groups that have resorted to blockages:
Unemployed and the poor: These are the traditional piquetero organizations, and the the ones to have use this method for the longest time. Some say they look threatening because many of them wield batons, and are completely masked. Their side of the story is that they are doing so because of protection, specially after two of them were killed in 2002, in Avellaneda, by the Police.
Outsourced workers: in late December 2010, a group blocked completely the railways off the southern train terminal of Constitución.
Farmers: In 2008, they staged blockades nationwide to reject a tax hike on soy exports enacted by the Government. There was a 4-month standoff, until the hike was repealed by Congress.
Environmentalists: In Gualeguaychú, they completely cut access to an international bridge to Uruguay, that had granted permission for the construction of a pulpmill on their side of the binational river. The protest lasted years.
Students. Mainly from the UBA (University of Buenos Aires), but High-School ones have staged them as well.
Neighbours with no electricity: In late December, amind massive blackouts, due to an over pressure on the energy system, as a result of an extreme heat wave.
Unionists: Last week, rural workers staged blockades because their leader was arrested, accused of being part of a gang that commercialized expired medicines. Since this man is against the government, the pickets said his arrest was political.
Santa Fe: One of the main avenues of the city, connecting Palermo to Downtown. It was recently turned into a 2-way road.
Costanera Norte: Northern Waterfront, the only place in BA where you can actually see the River Plate. The Domestic Airport (codename: Aeroparque) lies on it.
Bondiola Sandwich: Pork Sandwich.
Boca: Boca Juniors, one of the biggest Football Clubs in Argentina.
“Señora, me puede llevar al centro”: Ma’am, can you give me a lift to BA downtown.
Expressions of Sympathy, part 1: Garcha, Bajón, Garrón, Lo Siento, Lo Lamento.
South of Rivadavia: the less developed part of the city (except some parts of San Telmo and Puerto Madero).
“Vamos a tomar un cafecito”: Let’s go and have a coffee.
Chanchitos Capitalistas: Capitalist Piglets.
Club Asturiano: The Club of Asturias (as in Asturias, Spain). The name is actually “El Centro Asturiano”. As most of the best-known Spanish restaurants (Galitzian, Catalonian, Basque, Andalusian) in BA is located in Monserrat.
Mero and Lenguado: Sole and Grouper fish.
Teatro Colón: The famous Opera House of Buenos Aires,inaugurated in 1908, and closed a full restoration between 2006 and 2010.
AFIP: Administración Federal de Ingresos Públicos Parrillas: Grill Restaurants Choripán: Sausage Sandwhich Maradona: Diego Maradona, football player Perón: Juan Domingo Perón, three times President of Argentina. Macri: Mauricio Macri, incumbent BA City Mayor Ricardo Fort: Bizarre TV celebrity. Cristina Kirchner: incumbent Argentine President. Ricardo Darín: one of the most famous Argentine actors. Diario Clarín: one of the main Argentine newspapers. Colectivos: buses. Falta de Internet, Cortes de Luz: No Internet, No Electricity. Mozos: Waiters. Telos: Hourly-rooms hotels for having sex. Gol: Soccer goal. Chinos: Chinese. “El Amor Después Del Amor”: Love after Love.